This question was created from Final Exam Biol 301

This question was created from Final Exam Biol 301 https://www.coursehero.com/file/19943877/Final-Exam-Biol-301/

19943877-307655.jpeg

19943877-307655.jpeg
started to lose weight. She urinated frequently and complained of being tired. Her mom noticed that she
was very thirsty and was getting up in the middle of the night to urinate. On examination, her blood
sugar was elevated. She was diagnosed with type 1 (juvenile-onset) diabetes mellitus.
1. What is the function of the hormone insulin?
2. Explain the physiology of this disease, what’s going wrong? Why was she hungry but
losing weight?
3. Why do diabetics carry sweets with them?
 
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This question was created from Final Exam Biol 301

This question was created from Final Exam Biol 301 https://www.coursehero.com/file/19943877/Final-Exam-Biol-301/

19943877-307656.jpeg

19943877-307656.jpeg
84-93. E.M.S. went to bed about 11 PM after a busy evening of entertaining friends and family. He
was awakened at 2 AM with chest pain that radiated to his left shoulder, arm and fingers. His son took
him to the emergency room, where he was immediately given oxygen by mask and nitroglycerin. His
chest pain was relieved in about 39 minutes. An ECG revealed evidence of myocardial ischemia but no
evidence of a myocardial infarction. He was admitted to the cardiac intensive unit for further
evaluation.
1. What’s the most likely cause of the pain (what’s the name of the condition and what causes
it)?
2. What kind of medication is nitroglycerin and why does it help to relieve the pain? What are
other treatment options for this condition?
3
 
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Matching of definitions and terms. Please place the correct letter in front of each definition

Matching of definitions and terms. Please place the correct letter in front of each definition.

____ Domain Bacteria

____ AUG

____ Down Syndrome

____ Nucleus of an atom

____ Fungi

____ DNA replication

____ Compound

____ Element

____ Mitochondrion

____ Chromosome division

____ Zygote

____ Gamete

A. Salt

B. Diploidy

C. M-phase

D. DNA codon

E. E. coli

F. Fat

G. Oxygen production

H. Neutrons and protons

I. Chromosomal non-dysjunction

J. RNA codon

K. Haploidy

L. S-phase

M. Carbon

N. ATP production

O. Multi-celled decomposer

 
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1. Humans are more likely to be infected by viruses after the virus

1. Humans are more likely to be infected by viruses after the virus

has a chance to multiply outside the body on surfaces touched by infected people.
A. True
B. False

 
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2. When a Founder Population has a small gene pool, evolutionary change

2. When a Founder Population has a small gene pool, evolutionary change

is more likely to be rapid than when a Founder Population has a large gene pool.

-True
-False

 
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3. Organisms that live in habitats with high levels of competition

3. Organisms that live in habitats with high levels of competition

are more likely to produce defensive chemicals than those that live with little competition.

-True
-False

4. The average American uses as many resources in one day as do 370 Ethiopians.

-True
-False

5. A woman’s ovum will complete Meiosis II only, if fertilization has occurred.
A.   True
B.   False

 
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Fill-in statements. 1.     __________ reasoning is used to make predictions based on a hypothesis.

Fill-in statements. 1.     __________ reasoning is used to make predictions based on a hypothesis.

2.    __________ reasoning is used to make a hypothesis based on previously established observations.

3.The _________________ of an organism is defined as all the chemical processes that occur in the cells of that organism.

4. In plant leaves, carbon dioxide enters and oxygen exists via tiny pores called ____________________.

5. Closely related species or orchids never mate in the wild because they bloom at different times. This is an example of _____________________________________(three words).

6.The mechanism described by Charles Darwin to cause evolution, is called _______________________________ (two words).

 
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By 1935, hunting and trapping had eliminated wolves from the United

By 1935, hunting and trapping had eliminated wolves from the United

States except for Alaska. Wolves have since been protected as an endangered species and have moved south from Canada and have reestablished themselves in the Rocky Mountains and the northern Great Lakes region. A few years ago, conservationists reintroduced wolves into Yellowstone National Park. Describe and explain in some detail the important role of wolves in a well-balanced wild ecosystem. Details of symbiotic relationships here are important.

 
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Global warming is occurring rapidly in Arctic marine and terrestrial

Global warming is occurring rapidly in Arctic marine and terrestrial

ecosystems, including the taiga and tundra regions. First, discuss the biological make-up of these two biomes and then describe and explain in some detail the effects of the loss of reflective snow and ice, and the possible results from a positive feedback system. Remember that you need to discuss land areas, not sea ice.

 
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Plants require water, carbon dioxide and sunlight to perform photosynthesis.

Plants require water, carbon dioxide and sunlight to perform photosynthesis.

Briefly describe and explain for which specific processes these items are needed. You need to discuss what happens in the specific ‘systems’ (light-dependent and light-independent reactions). How will a plant react, if no water is available, and which specific processes would be interrupted and why?

 
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