## Critical Thinking Paper

Paper should be 2 Pages.

Make sure to answer the questions.

Below I have attached the Story & Questions.

Also is a file on how the format should look.

## NURS WK 6 ASSGN

Week Six – Correlations Exercises

Correlations are used to describe the strength and direction of a relationship between two variables. A correlation between two variables is known as a bivariate correlation. In this module the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation will be used when running a correlation matrix. The Pearson correlation coefficient ranges from a value of -1.0 to 1.0. A correlation coefficient is never above 1.0 or below -1.0. A perfect positive correlation is 1.0 and a perfect negative correlation is -1.0. The size of the coefficient determines the strength of the relationship and the sign (i.e., + or -) determines the direction of the relationship. The closer the value is to zero the weaker the relationship and the closer the value is to 1.0 or -1.0 the stronger the relationship. A correlation coefficient of zero indicates no relationship between the variables.

A scatterplot is used to depict the relationship between two variables. The general shape of the collection of points indicates whether the correlation is positive or negative. A positive relationship will have the data points group into a cluster from the lower left hand corner to the upper right hand corner of the graph. A negative relationship will be depicted by points clustering in the lower right hand corner to the upper left hand corner of the graph. When the two variables are not related the points on the scatterplot will be scattered in a random fashion.

Using Polit2SetB dataset, create a correlation matrix using the following variables: Number of visits to the doctor in the past 12 months (docvisit), body mass index (bmi), Physical Health component subscale (sf12phys) and Mental Health component subscale (sf12ment). Run means and descriptives for each variable as well as the correlation matrix.

1.Click Analyze, then correlate, then bivariate.

2.Select each variable and move them into the box labeled “Variables.”

3.Be sure the Pearson and two-tailed box is checked.

4.Click on the options tab (upper right corner) and check “means and standard deviations.” The exclude cases pairwise should also be checked. Click continue.

5.Click OK

To run descriptives for docvisit, bmi, sf12phys and sf12ment do the following in SPSS:

1.Click Analyze then click Descriptives Statistics, then Descriptives.

2.Click the first continuous variable you wish to obtain descriptives for (docvisit) and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click bmi and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click sf12phys and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click sf12ment and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box.

3.Click the Options button in the upper right corner. Click mean and standard deviation.

4.Click continue and then click OK.

1.What is the strongest correlation in the matrix? (Provide correlation value and names of variables)

2.What is the weakest correlation in the matrix? (Provide correlation value and names of variables)

3.How many original correlations are present on the matrix?

4.What does the entry of 1.00 indicate on the diagonal of the matrix?

5.Indicate the strength and direction of the relationship between body mass index and physical health component subscale?

6.Which variable is most strongly correlated with body mass index? What is the correlational coefficient? What is the sample size for this relationship?

7.What is the mean and standard deviation for bmi and doctor visits?

Part II

Using Polit2SetB dataset, create a scatterplot using the following variables: x-axis = body mass index (bmi) and the y-axis = weight-pounds (weight).

1.Click Graphs, then click on Legacy Dialogs, then click “Scatter/Dot”.

2.Click “Simple Scatter” and then click “Define.”

3.Click on weight-pounds and move it to the Y-axis box and then click on body mass index and move it to the x-axis box.

4.Click OK.

To run descriptives for bmi and weight do the following in SPSS:

5.Click Analyze then click Descriptives Statistics, then Descriptives.

6.Click the first continuous variable you wish to obtain descriptives for (body mass index) and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box. Then click weight-pounds and then click on the arrow button and move it into the Variables box.

7.Click the Options button in the upper right corner. Click mean and standard deviation.

8.Click continue and then click OK.

Assignment:

1.What is the mean and standard deviation for weight and bmi?

2.Describe the strength and direction of the relationship between weight and bmi?

3.Describe the scatterplot? What information does it provide to a researcher?

References 3 references required

Required Media

Walden University. (n.d.). Correlations. Retrieved August 1, 2011, from http://streaming.waldenu.edu/hdp/researchtutorials/educ8106_player/educ8106_correlations.html

Gray, J.R., Grove, S.K., & Sutherland, S. (2017). Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Chapter 23, “Using Statistics to Examine Relationships”

Statistics and Data Analysis for Nursing Research

Chapter 4, “Bivariate Description: Crosstabulation, Risk Indexes, and Correlation” (pp. 59–61 and 68–78)

Chapter 9, “Correlation and Simple Regression” (pp. 197–209)

## Health Behavior Case 4-Task Force On Community Preventive

Guide to Community Prevention Services (2016). 2016 Annual Report to Congress, Federal Agencies, and Prevention Stakeholders. Retrieved from http://www.thecommunityguide.org/annualreport/2016-congress-report-full.pdf

Guide to Community Preventive Services (2013). Increasing physical activity. Accessed on July 14, 2016 from http://www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/index.html

Kahn, E. B., Ramsey, L.T., Brownson R., Heath, G.W., Howze, E.H., Powell, K.E., Stone, E.J., Rajab, M.W., Corso, P. and the Task Force on Community Preventive Services (2002). The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22(4S), 73-107. Retrieved from http://www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/pa-ajpm-evrev.pdf

Task Force on Community Preventive Services (2002). Recommendations to increase physical activity in communities. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22(4S), 67-72. Retrieved from http://www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/pa-ajpm-recs.pdf

Committee on Health and Behavior: Research, Practice, and Policy, Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health (2001). Findings and recommendations. Health and behavior: The interplay between the biological, behavioral, and societal influences (pp. 329-350). Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Retrieved from http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=9838&page=329

Optional Resources

Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2018). In-text citations: The basics. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/in_text_citations_the_basics.html

Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2018). Reference list: Basic rules. Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/reference_list_basic_rules.html

**HOMEWORK  ASSIGNMENT**

The Task Force on Community Preventive Services recommends community-wide campaigns strategy to be effective in increasing physical activity and improving physical fitness among adults and children. Do you agree or disagree? Discuss your position in a 3-page paper.

The following items in particular will be assessed: Discuss whether you agree or disagree with the findings that community-wide campaign strategies are effective in increasing physical activity and improving physical fitness among adults and children. Defend your position by providing empirical evidence. Based on your required readings and your own research, what strategies do you think are effective in increasing and maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle?

## Quality Oversight

Define challenges that may impact the future of health care quality improvement. What are the latest trends such as consumer information that is available (HCAHPS/CMS/Home health compare; hospital compare)? Pay for performance and value based purchasing effect on organizations (major agendas; reimbursements linked to quality outcomes; behavior changes influenced by payers and regulators).

I need this by 3:00pm central time with 150 words or more refernces cited if needed.

## Healthcare Paper Milestone 3

see attached, continuation of case study 13

Emanuel Medical Center: Crisis in the Health Care

Industry.

## NURS 11

Open to read the attached files……..

## 3

Write at least 150 words and answer the following: Do you take vitamin supplements? Why or why not? Do you use “energy drinks” or use “vitamin” water? Why or why not? Locate a website that presents an unbiased review of the pros and cons of  energy drinks and/or vitamin  water (by unbiased I mean the website is not selling a product) and include an active link to  it in your comments. Remember that you need to read other posted messages and reply to at least one message in each forum

## patient spiritual

What is your definition of spiritual care? How does it differ or accord with the description given in the topic readings? Explain.

## Modern

Select  advertisements  for every days products  from TV  or other sources. What product is being advertised? What types of promises or images are connected to the product?  Do you think the product delivers on the claims  that are being made? How  you connect the images associated with these products to a broader view on what it means to live in modern industrial society?