THE AXIAL AGES AND FITFUL TRANSITIONS: 1.What strategy did Buddhist and Christian missionaries employ to spread their faith that Muslims didn’t? A.Conversion of kings and other elite figures B.Conversion of merchants C.Forceful conversion of others D.Use of artifacts 2.How did Alfred the Great secure his modern reputation as a state-builder? A.He encouraged trade through tax incentives to merchants and businessmen. B.He gave free land and tax breaks to peasants. C.He forced people to live in militarized colonies. D.He was lavishly generous to monks. 3._______ was the first thinker to postulate that numbers are real, not abstractions. A.Hui Shih B.Pythagoras C.Aristotle D.Parmenides 4.The division between Shia and Sunni Muslims originally arose over A.how Christians and Jews should be treated. B.who could be a caliph. C.an understanding of the nature of Allah. D.how one should pray. 5.Which of the following combinations of food did the Polynesians introduce to the islands they colonized? A.Bananas, breadfruit, and cattle B.Sugar cane, pigs, and breadfruit C.Sugar cane, chickens, and kava D.Pigs, taro, and coconuts 6.What religion, which had potentially universal appeal, was created by Gautama Siddhartha in India? A.Hinduism B.Zoroastrianism C.Buddhism D.Jainism 7.Legalism was the dominant political philosophy in China during the reign of A.Han Wudi. B.Liu Bang. C.Xiongnu. D.Yamatai. 8.The Chinese philosopher Xunzi wrote that if a person attempted to cure rheumatism by beating a drum and sacrificing a pig to the gods, then the A.rheumatism wouldn’t get better because proper therapy required playing a flute and sacrificing a chicken. B.rheumatism would get better, but the person wouldn’t be happy. C.rheumatism would be cured. D.drum would be worn out, and the pig would be gone. 9.A staple food transplanted from Southeast Asia to the Mediterranean world as a result of the Islamic Empire was A.rice. B.wheat. C.potatoes. D.yams. 10.Women were able to own property and hold paying jobs in which empire? A.Asoka’s India B.Rome C.Greece D.Persia 11.Alexander the Great was tutored by A.Aristotle. B.Plato. C.Epicurus. D.Zeno. 12.In the sixth century, kingdoms in India were A.adopting Buddhism as their official religion. B.developing traditions that would become Hinduism. C.undergoing successive waves of conversions to Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam. D.adopting Islam as their official religion. 13.On what basis were the Khmer people able to coalesce into a single large kingdom? A.Wealth from mining and timber B.Development of its pottery industry C.Exploiting the flooding of the Mekong River D.Wealth from its trading fleet 14.Which of the following is not one of the new thoughts of or about God that were formulated in the Axial Age? A.Single God B.Divine God C.Involved God D.Many Gods 15.In the Rome of Marcus Aurelius, a recurrent formula for saving the state from crisis involved A.politicizing the military. B.enlisting the aid of Persian allies. C.dividing the government and delegating authority. D.paying tributes to Germanic peoples in Europe. 16.What group colonized many small islands in the Pacific Ocean? A.Chinese B.Koreans C.Polynesians D.Japanese 17.Which emperor declared Christianity to be the official religion of the Roman empire? A.Charlemagne B.Constantine C.Eusebius D.Theodosius 18.Which of the following was a Chinese school of thought during the fourth century B.C.E. that denounced ethics in favor of obedience? A.Daoism B.Confucianism C.Legalism D.Buddhism 19.Which of the following did the Mayans consider to be worthy of recording? A.Trade records B.Ceremonial rituals C.The laws of their society D.Information about everyday life 20.Which ruler’s conversion to Christianity ensured this religion would be adopted by eastern Slavs and Russians? A.Vladimir B.Altigin C.Mieszko D.Constantine CONTACTS,CONFLICTS,AND THE CRUCIBLE: 1.All of the following were a result of the Crusades except A.establishment of a large Christian kingdom in the Middle East. B.increased hostility in Europe between Christians and Jews. C.destruction of peaceful relations between Muslims and Christians. D.a proclamation, by Zangi, calling for Jihad against the infidels. 2.The economic security of the Inca Empire was based on A.extensive trade with the Aztec Empire. B.intensive maize farming. C.a horizontal compilation of terra firma. D.environmental diversity. 3.What allowed the Khmer kingdom to became great? A.Abundant mineral resources B.Ability to produce excess rice and export it C.Technological advances D.Ability to conquer other lands 4.What was the most effective remedy for plague? A.Armenian clay B.Snake venom C.Quarantine D.Abstaining from eating certain foods 5.The most important contribution the Mongols made to encouraging trade along the Silk Roads was A.lowering taxes for merchants. B.building permanent inns for travelers. C.providing security. D.building a permanent road.
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